FTSE Russell, the global index, data and analytics provider, has launched the first government bond index to adjust country weights based on climate risk consisting solely of European Monetary Union (EMU) countries…
Sylvain Chateau, Co-Founder and COO, Beyond Ratings
The FTSE Climate Risk-Adjusted European Monetary Union Government Bond Index (‘Climate EGBI’) expands FTSE Russell’s range of climate risk-adjusted government bond indexes and follows the launch of the ‘Climate WGBI’ in July 2019.
The new index, developed in response to customer demand, applies a robust methodology by providing a forward-looking assessment of the climate risks faced by sovereigns within the EMU.
This includes an assessment of the expected economic impact of transitioning togreenhouse gas emissions levels aligned with the Paris Accord target of less than 2°Cby 2050, known as transition risk.
Tilts are then applied towards sovereign markets that, on a relative basis, demonstrate a greater degree of resilience and preparedness to the risks of climate change.
This results in a reduction in both climate riskof 16% over a back tested period to 2001and GHG emissionsof 7%compared to the underlying market-value weighted European Government Bond Index (EGBI)over the same period.
The Climate EGBI was developed using climate scores from Beyond Ratings, London Stock Exchange Group’s highly respected ESG analytics provider.
Sylvain Chateau, Co-Founder and COO, Beyond Ratings said: “There is increasing awareness of how sovereignstatesare uniquely exposed to the risks of climate change. This has in part, drivenclient demand for climate risk-adjusted fixed income indexes since the launch of Climate WGBI, particularly from European investors. With this launch, the Climate EGBI now offer European sovereign debt investors an efficient means to quantitatively assess and reduce climate risk and GHG emissionsintheir portfolios.
The FTSE Climate Risk-Adjusted European Monetary Union (EMU) Government Bond Index follows the rebalancing mechanics of the standard EGBI. However, the standard EGBI market value weights updated every 2month are then also tilted by their respective country’s climate scores.
Climate scores are calculated based on a transparent methodology and updated on an annual basis each May month-end (with input data cut-off on 1 May)
The country climate scores are derived by assessing each country’s relative climate risk across three core climate risk pillars (each with multiple sub-indicators):
- Transition risk represents the level of climate related risk exposure of the country’s economy as measured by the distance to reach the modeled emissions needed to meet a 2 degree alignment
- Physical risk represents the level of climate related risk exposure to the country and its economy from the physical effects of climate change
- Resilience represents a country’s preparedness and actions to cope with its level of climate related risk exposure Countries are scored across each of the pillars and a single combined score is derived for each country. Country scores are then used to reweight the country’s exposure in the index to provide higherexposures to countries that are better prepared for climate change risks and lower exposures to countries that are more threatened by climate change risks.